India is one of those countries in the world that witnesses high level of post-harvest food loss. While the economy definitely suffers because of this, farmers around the country also face a lot of problems for this reason. As we discussed in our last post, the government may come up with several schemes for the people belonging to the agricultural sector, but if farmers are unable to access these schemes then it is difficult for them to sustain. Similarly, if the farmers are able to enjoy a good produce but they are unable to sell their produce at the right price or store the produce safely then also they are bound to experience financial distress.
A lot of farmers lack basic education which means that their understanding of demand and supply and the importance of robust storage facilities which will help them store excess produce instead of selling it off at low prices. At the same time, the government should also invest in good infrastructure which includes storage houses, good roads and railway facilities that will make it easy for farmers to travel to the markets and sell their crops.
A good infrastructure combined with education that helps farmers understand the reasoning behind picking a particular crop or for selling in a particular market or for growing different types of crops based on the previous demand patterns can provide farmers with the help they need to stabilize their occupation instead of resenting it.
We must also be able to make the education imparted in government schools equivalent to that of private schools. This will encourage the farmers to send their children to government schools where the cost of education is feasible. Many farmers who feel obliged to have their children sent to private schools in order to ensure that they grow up to be educated adults, are burdened by loans taken for education. This can stop only if government schools are accessible and provide high quality studies too.