Water, the most essential element of life, requires more attention than what we are giving it right now. The government has several laws which are meant to curb water pollution but the enforcement of such laws has not been able to safeguard the water bodies. Rivers, lakes and ponds in India are mostly polluted, and even the ground water in some regions are beginning to show signs of contamination.
In West Bengal, a 2014 research conducted by the Department of Water Resources Investigation and Development showed that 81 blocks of water out of 341 blocks in the state have high levels of arsenic and 49 blocks have high levels of fluoride. In a more recent news, the state government plans to enforce the Groundwater Act in order to reduce the wastage of ground water caused by over-extraction.
Both, the contamination of water and the overuse of water can cause great problems. While excessive arsenic and fluoride in the water can harm the health, the over-extraction of water can lead to a deficit which can cause water problems in affected places of the state.
Additionally, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), shared a report in 2015 which showed that West Bengal treated only 49 per cent of the waste water before it was dumped in the River Ganga. The state of West Bengal is home to the fertile Delta regions created by the mouth of the River Ganga. It has several other small rivers and many small lakes and ponds, which makes the availability of water less of a problem in West Bengal.
But the lack of Sewage Treatment Plants, general awareness about the cleanliness of water and the availability of clean water is a rising problem not only in West Bengal but in most parts of India. This problem requires our immediate attention.