A Glimpse into the Life and Works of Indian Revolutionaries – Barindra Kumar Ghosh

Photo taken from: https://www.inmemoryglobal.com/remembrance/2016/01/barindra-kumar-ghosh/

The renaissance which swept the province of Bengal in the early 19th century when Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj along with Debendranath Tagore, created an era when Bengal’s intellectuals became more aware of the burgeoning British Raj. Raja Ram Mohan Roy also undertook a journey to London, breaking the superstition that Brahmans should not travel by the sea. Eventually, sea travel became more popular and the World Wars made overseas travel extremely common.

Barindra Kumar Ghosh was born in Croydon, near London on Januar 5, 1880. He came from a family of intellectuals. His father was a physician and district surgeon and his mother, Swarnalata, was the daughter of scholar Rajnarayan Basu. His brother Aurobindo Ghosh was a revolutionary who later became a spiritualist. He had another brother, Manmohan Ghose who was a professor of English at Presidency College, Calcutta.

He was schooled in Deoghar and later studied in Patna College. He also took military training in Baroda. Barindra, often known as Barin, was influenced by the revolutionary spirit of his brother Aurobindo.

In 1902, he came to Calcutta and started organizing revolutionary groups along with Jatindranath Mukherjee. The Anushilan Samiti was formed in the same year and later the Jugantar Group emerged from the Anushilan Samiti. Barin and Jatin played an active role in recruiting young revolutionaries, training them and orchestrating terrorist activities that instilled fear among the British.

Barin Ghosh was arrested in connection with the Alipore Bomb Case in which Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki had mistakenly bombed a carriage carrying two women instead of assassinating Kingsford, the magistrate of Muzaffarpur. Consequentially, the police began a search of the hideouts of the Anushilan Samiti and arrested several revolutionaries. Barin Ghosh and many others were arrested from Barin’s Garden house in the Manicktolla suburb of Calcutta. Aurobindo Ghosh was also among those arrested.

They were held in the Presidency Jail in Alipore. The crown witness of the bombing, narendranath Goswami, was shot dead within the jail premises by two accused revolutionaries, Kanailal Dutta and Satyendranath Bose. Aurobindo Ghosh was later released because of absence of witness but Barin Ghosh with other revolutionaries were held and had to serve varying terms in the jail.

Barin was released in 1920. He returned to Calcutta and started working as a journalist. In 1923, he took a break from journalism to visit his brother, Aurobindo Ghosh, in Pondicherry at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. He returned to journalism in 1929 and was associated with newspapers like The Statesman and Dainik Basumati. He died on April 18, 1959.

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