By An Indian who is unknown. – Sukhi Grihakon, Bartaman Pvt. Ltd., 6, JBS Haldane Avenue, Kolkata – 700105 (ed. Sepember, 2017) p.37, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65126853
The struggle for freedom in India saw several women actively take part in acts of rebellion. Many lost their lives and many others were imprisoned for several years. Bina Das was one of the women revolutionaries from Bengal. Born to Beni Madhab Das and Sarala Devi, Bina Das went to St. John’s Diocesan Girls’ Higher Secondary School and later to Bethune College.
At a time when the Bengali Renaissance was in full swing and Bengal’s partition of 1905 had created an atmosphere of rebellion against the English, Bina Das joined the Chhatri Sangha which was an organization in Calcutta for women revolutionaries.
The act that she is remembered for is her attempt to assassinate Bengal’s Governor, Stanley Jackson in the convocation hall of the University of Calcutta in February 1932. 21 year old Das missed in spite of firing five shots. She was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment for an arduous term of nine years. Bina Das had instilled fear among the British through this courageous act.
She was released early in 1939 when Bina Das joined the Congress party and continued to rebel against British Raj. In 1942, Bina Das returned to the prison for taking part in the Quit India Movement. She was released in 1945.
In 1946 she became a member of the Bengal Provincial Legislative Assembly, and after independence when Bengal was partitioned, She became a member of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly. After her marriage to Jatish Chandra Bhaumik who was a member of the Jugantar Group, Bina Das led a comparatively quiet life.
After her husband’s death, Bina Das chose to live in an ashram in Rishikesh. In the month of December 1986, Das’s body was found in a partially decomposed state on the roadside. The police confirmed her identity after a month.
For a woman who had fought alongside other revolutionaries to attain freedom for her country, it was sad that few knew of her when she passed away. India saw the rise and fall of many heroes during the period of British rule. Some names deservingly went down in history in golden words but many others were lost to an undeserving fate. Bina Das was one of them.